- 1 What were the first orchestras of the Baroque era used for?
- 2 How did orchestra developed in Baroque period?
- 3 What is the instrument of Baroque period?
- 4 What did the Baroque orchestra consist of?
- 5 What is the most important era that had contributed a lot to the development of orchestra?
- 6 What 3 instruments defined the Baroque era?
- 7 What instrument did the leader of the orchestra play in this period of history?
- 8 Who were two of the greatest composers in the Baroque period?
- 9 What is the difference between Baroque and classical orchestras?
- 10 What are the three most important instruments of the Baroque era?
- 11 What is a Baroque vocal?
- 12 Which baroque instruments is most like the modern day piano?
- 13 What are the five categories in a Baroque orchestra?
- 14 What type of people were not allowed in the Baroque Orchestra?
- 15 What is the most numerous instruments in the orchestra?
What were the first orchestras of the Baroque era used for?
Baroque Orchestra (1600-1760) The woodwind and brass were used as melodic instruments but later they were mainly used to sustain the harmony.
How did orchestra developed in Baroque period?
Baroque orchestras originated in France where Jean-Baptiste Lully added the newly re-designed hautbois (oboe) and transverse flutes to his orchestra, Les Vingt-quatre Violons du Roi (“The Twenty-Four Violins of the King”). In the Baroque period, the size of an orchestra was not standardised.
What is the instrument of Baroque period?
The harpsichord was the primary keyboard instrument (and an important member of the continuo group), and instruments important in the 16th and 17th centuries like the lute and viol, still continued to be used. Variations in instruments still popular today also gave the baroque ensemble a different sound.
What did the Baroque orchestra consist of?
The Festive Basic Baroque Orchestra contained violins (divided into two groups, called violins 1 and violins 2), Violas, Cellos and Bass viol (playing the same music as the cellos an octave lower. To this was added 2 oboes, 3 trumpets, 2 timpani (kettledrums) and a keyboard instrument, generally a harpsichord.
What is the most important era that had contributed a lot to the development of orchestra?
The Classical era, which covers roughly the second half of the 18th century, is one of the most significant periods in the development of orchestration. The most talented composers of this period were Mozart and Haydn. Many important developments took place during this time. The orchestra became standardized.
What 3 instruments defined the Baroque era?
Baroque instrumentation The typical orchestra of the Baroque period is based on string instruments (violin, viola) and continuo.
What instrument did the leader of the orchestra play in this period of history?
Musical leadership in the Baroque orchestra came from the keyboard instruments, with the harpsichordist, or sometimes the organist, acting as leader. When J.S. Bach worked with an orchestra, he sat at the organ or harpsichord and gave cues from his bench.
Who were two of the greatest composers in the Baroque period?
Key composers of the Baroque era include Johann Sebastian Bach, Antonio Vivaldi, George Frideric Handel, Claudio Monteverdi, Domenico Scarlatti, Alessandro Scarlatti, Henry Purcell, Georg Philipp Telemann, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Marc-Antoine Charpentier, Arcangelo Corelli, François Couperin,
What is the difference between Baroque and classical orchestras?
The Baroque period was between the years 1600 and 1750. Key features included small orchestras, with often a focus on the harpsichord or string instruments, and often polyphonic textures. Example composers would be Bach or Handel. The Classical period came after, between the years 1750 and 1820.
What are the three most important instruments of the Baroque era?
Baroque orchestra instruments usually included:
- strings – violins, violas, cellos and double basses.
- woodwind – recorders or wooden flutes, oboes and bassoon.
- brass – sometimes trumpets and/or horns (without valves)
- timpani (kettledrums)
- continuo – harpsichord or organ.
What is a Baroque vocal?
The vocal forms of the Baroque period were based on the monodic style. The composers put a numeral above or below the bass note, indicating the chord required (thus called figured bass) and the performer filled in the necessary harmony. This system, known as “basso continuo” or “continuous bass”
Which baroque instruments is most like the modern day piano?
The harpsichord is a keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked, rather than hit with a hammer (which is the mechanism for the piano, a more recent development). The distinctive sound of the harpsichord creates an almost immediately association with the baroque era.
What are the five categories in a Baroque orchestra?
Generally, the Baroque orchestra had five sections of instruments: woodwinds, brass, percussion, strings, and harpsichord.
What type of people were not allowed in the Baroque Orchestra?
Women were not allowed in Baroque orchestras. Ask students to speculate on the reasons for this rule.
What is the most numerous instruments in the orchestra?
The Strings The four most commonly used instruments in the string family are the violin, the viola, the cello and the double (string) bass. They are all made by gluing pieces of wood together to form a hollow sound box.